This seminar investigates the formation of Judaism through the foundational writings of the rabbis (100-600 CE). The Judaism that prevails today arose after the Romans’ destruction of the temple in Palestine in 70 CE. The traditions that the rabbis gathered, produced, and transmitted are arguably far more influential and formative in the history of Judaism than the Hebrew Bible. In this seminar we learn about the rabbinic movement and daily life in Roman Palestine. This course introduces the foundational writings of rabbinic literature and situates the rabbinic literary enterprise in its Greco-Roman as well as Babylonian-Iranian cultural, historical, and religious context. Students will acquire the skills necessary to engage with the genres of rabbinic literature and learn how it achieved its canonical status in the medieval period.