Readings of the Old Testament and New Testament in Greek and Latin
On-line with Zoom
Instructor: James J. Clauss
Office hour: by appointment
Students with as little as one year of Greek and/or Latin are welcome to take this seminar. The OT and NT texts are remarkably easy to read in either language and the texts are incredibly important not only for Judeo-Christian religion but for Western culture in general. Students with only Latin will read and translate in class the Latin texts and similarly those with only Greek will read Greek passages. I will introduce the Hebrew alphabet so that we can observe how Greek and Roman translators managed foreign words. I will at the same time discuss the Greek alphabet for those who have not yet learned it. It takes little time to become familiar with both.
We will start out with several OT passages, featuring Joseph, Samson, David, and Elijah. We will then read the Gospel of Luke. Our focus will not only be on language but also on modes of representation of Hebrew “heroes,” who are quite different from Greek heroes. The NT turns out to be a highly intertextual narrative, with many allusions and imitations of earlier OT stories and figures, much as one finds in Vergil’s Aeneid. Please note that this is not a course in Jewish or Christian religion. The focus will be on language, literature and the attempt to accommodate Hebrew constructs and language in Greek and Latin.
For such a mixed group, the best resource is The Polyglot Bible that has the texts set side by side: Greek, Hebrew and Latin for the OT and Greek and Latin for the NT, with accompanying translations in English. This will be our text.
Logeion (on-line Greek and Latin dictionary)
Perseus (OT/NT Latin, NT Greek)
F.C. Conybeare and St. George Stock, Grammar of Septuagint Greek, Hendrickson
Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece et Latine, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft
Jay P. Green, The Interlinear Bible: Hebrew-Greek-English (English, Hebrew and Greek Edition), Hendrickson
J.D. Douglas (ed.), The New Greek-English Interlinear New Testament, Tyndale
F.J. Long, T. M.W. Halcomb, A Parallel & Interlinear New Testament Polyglot: Luke-Acts in Hebrew, Latin, Greek, English, German, and French
Michael Coogan and Cynthia Chapman, The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures. Oxford 2018.
Martin, Dale B. New Testament History and Literature. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
Week 1 Introduction
Joseph Gen. 37.1-39.23 (skip chapter 38)
Week 2 Joseph Gen. 40.1-42.34
Joseph Gen. 42.35-45.28
Week 3 Samson Judg. 13.1-15.20
Samson Judg.16.1-31; David 1 Kings (= 1 Sam.) 17.1-54
Week 4 Elijah 3 Kings (= 1 Kings) 17.1-19.8
Elijah 3 Kings (= 1 Kings) 19.9-20.29 [Septuagint], 21.1-29 [Hebrew/Latin]
4 Kings (= 2 Kings) 1.1-2.18
Week 5 Midterm exam
Week 6 Luke 3.21-6
Week 7 Luke 9.37-11.54
Week 8 Luke 15.11-20.8
Week 9 Luke 23.13-end
Prepare passages for translation in class. Those students with only one year of Greek or Latin should try to complete as much of the assignment as possible and will not be penalized for not being ready to translate everything. My hope is to read as much as possible in the original languages. Students’ abilities differ and I will be aware of these differences. Learning is our main goal.
20% Participation in class
- University of Washington students are expected to practice high standards of academic and professional honesty and integrity as outlined here: http://depts.washington.edu/grading/pdf/AcademicResponsibility.pdf
Learning Support: Access and Accommodations
- If you have already established accommodations with Disability Resources for Students (DRS), please communicate your approved accommodations to the instructor at your earliest convenience so that your needs in this course can be discussed. If you have not yet established services through DRS, but have a temporary health condition or permanent disability that requires accommodations (conditions include but not limited to; mental health, attention-related, learning, vision, hearing, physical or health impacts), you are welcome to contact DRS at 206-543-8924 or firstname.lastname@example.org uw.edu.)DRS offers resources and coordinates reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities and/or temporary health conditions. Reasonable accommodations are established through an interactive process between you, your instructor(s) and DRS. It is the policy and practice of the University of Washington to create inclusive and accessible learning environments consistent with federal and state law.
- Washington state law requires that UW develop a policy for accommodation of student absences or significant hardship due to reasons of faith or conscience, or for organized religious activities. The UW’s policy, including more information about how to request an accommodation, is available at Religious Accommodations Policy (https://registrar.washington.edu/staffandfaculty/religious-accommodations-policy/).). Accommodations must be requested within the first two weeks of this course using the Religious Accommodations Request form (https://registrar.washington.edu/students/religious-accommodations-request/).”